The typical Queenslander house is of timber construction, resting on a grid of timber stumps. This elevation affords welcome breezes while discouraging the array of subtropical insects and pests. The circulation of air from the undercroft and through the upper floor acts as a natural air conditioner. Verandahs are screened with timber louvres which can be opened and closed to adjust for breezes, rain and privacy. The shutter system is a climatic buffer for interior rooms, protecting them from summer heat and allowing the lower, winter sun to penetrate. All these features were retained or carefully renewed in the renovation, and now boast a beautiful, radiant white skin.